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Cover Page Long Horn Tribe Descendants of the Warriors Song of the Earth Life in a Cave Road of Pilgrimage The Dong Country Christians in the Mountains Festivity of the Miao Paradise in the Valley In Quest of a Utopia Pleated Skirts
Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2003/03/08
Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2003/03/08
Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2003/03/08
Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2003/03/08
Dawn at Duoyishu Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/> 云南元阳新街镇多依树梯田<br/>2003/03/08
Dawn at Duoyishu Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳新街镇多依树梯田
2003/03/08
Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2003/03/08
Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2003/03/08
Standing in front of Yuanyang’s terrace fields is like sitting in a symphony hall. If nature is the stage, thousands of contour Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2008/04/17
Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2008/04/17
23°4'57.3"N, 102°44'22.8"E
Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2008/04/17
Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2008/04/17
23°4'37.5"N, 102°44'34.6"E
Dawn at Duoyishu Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>云南元阳新街镇多依树梯田 2008/04/17
Dawn at Duoyishu Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳新街镇多依树梯田 2008/04/17
23°5'30.3"N, 102°47'41.6"E
Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2008/04/17
Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2008/04/17
23°4'30.1"N, 102°44'34.1"E
lines would be musical scores. The Hani people who create the fields would be the virtuosi, and the ever changing light and shadow would be the baton of the conductor which directs this magnificent tone poem.

Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2003/03/08
Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2003/03/08
Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2003/03/08
Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2003/03/08
Mushroom houses at Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>云南元阳新街镇箐口村蘑菇房<br/>2003/03/08
Mushroom houses at Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳新街镇箐口村蘑菇房
2003/03/08
Rice Field at Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/> 云南元阳攀枝花乡螺丝田<br/> 2003/03/08
Rice Field at Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳攀枝花乡螺丝田
2003/03/08
No word can properly depict the grandeur of these terrace fields, which cover the slopes of the southern part of Ailao Mountains, Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2008/04/17
Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2008/04/17
23°4'35.8"N, 102°44'33.4"E
Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2003/04/17
Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2003/04/17
23°4'31.3"N, 102°44'35"E
Mushroom houses at Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>云南元阳新街镇箐口村蘑菇房 2008/04/17
Mushroom houses at Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳新街镇箐口村蘑菇房 2008/04/17
23°6'42.2"N, 102°44'30"E
Rice Field at Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/> 云南元阳攀枝花乡螺丝田 2008/04/17
Rice Field at Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳攀枝花乡螺丝田 2008/04/17
23°3'43.4"N, 102°45'3.3"E
extending themselves to the entire southern side of the Red River, which is the area of Honghe (红河), Yuanyang (元阳), Lüchun (绿春) and Jinping (金平) counties. In some areas, not an inch of space is left uncultivated. There can be as many as 3,000 escalations on a mountain slope. On rolling hills, the plots spread over to a few acres. At nearly vertical gradient, they are squeezed into square-foot crescents. The collection of the boundaries of each plot create a dazzling set of wavy veins, partitioning the earth into an abstract oil painting – green for the seedlings, blue for the image of the sky, yellow for the mud water, red for the duckweeds, silver for the reflection of the sunlight.

Mushroom houses at Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan. 云南元阳新街镇箐口村蘑菇房<br/> 2008/04/17
Mushroom houses at Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan. 云南元阳新街镇箐口村蘑菇房
2008/04/17
23°6'56.7"N, 102°46'0.4"E
Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan. 云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田<br/>2008/04/17
Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan. 云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田
2008/04/17
23°4'30.4"N, 102°44'34.4"E
Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2008/04/17
Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2008/04/17
23°4'31.3"N, 102°44'35.1"E
Sheng Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/> 云南元阳新街镇胜村梯田 2008/04/17
Sheng Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳新街镇胜村梯田 2008/04/17
23°6'58.8"N, 102°45'58.9"E
The native Hani are the painters of this abstract picture. They are also the sculptors of the land, the composers of this song of the earth. The terrace fields are like an epic, which documents the Hani’s struggle with mother nature over millenniums. It is generally believed that some 1,200 years ago the ancestors of the modern Hani migrated to the south of the Red River from further north (today’s Sichuan). Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2008/04/17
Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2008/04/17
23°4'31.2"N, 102°44'35.4"E
Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2008/04/17
Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴梯田 2008/04/17
23°4'35.8"N, 102°44'33.4"E
They settled themselves at 1,500-2,000 metres above the sea level, above which were the dense virgin forests. At such level the Ailao Mountain is ideal for rice agriculture, owing to the mild climate, abundant rainfalls (up to 55 inches per annum) and long-lasting sunlight. This huge amount of moisture and rain water is retained by the forests. It then trickles down via mountain creeks, springs, water falls. Combined with labyrinth of the man-made water ducts, it irrigates every foot of the cultivated land.

Dawn at Duoyishu Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>云南元阳新街镇多依树梯田 2008/04/17
Dawn at Duoyishu Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳新街镇多依树梯田 2008/04/17
23°5'31.2"N, 102°47'41.4"E
Bada, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/> 云南元阳新街镇坝达梯田 2008/04/17
Bada, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳新街镇坝达梯田 2008/04/17
23°6'58.3"N, 102°45'59.1"E
Near Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/> 云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴附近 2008/04/17
Near Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴附近 2008/04/17
23°5'12.1"N, 102°44'16.5"E
Even before their early migration, the Hani had had a mature experience in rice agriculture. They are believed to be one of the first people who converted wild rice into agricultural crop. Bada, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/> 云南元阳新街镇坝达梯田 2008/04/17
Bada, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳新街镇坝达梯田 2008/04/17
23°6'58"N, 102°45'59.1"E
Bada, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/> 云南元阳新街镇坝达梯田 2008/04/17
Bada, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳新街镇坝达梯田 2008/04/17
23°6'58.5"N, 102°45'58.8"E
Once they arrived in the new homeland, they wasted no time to take advantage of the environment, and started cultivating terrace fields from day one. They had only a hoe, yet they had an incorruptible physique, as well as the determination and ingenuity that deeply engrain in the Hani genes. It is said that a Hani invests his entire life to the cultivation of terrace fields, for himself as well as his descendants. When he dies, the terrace field is also his burial ground.

Duoyishu Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>云南元阳新街镇多依树村<br/>2003/03/08
Duoyishu Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳新街镇多依树村
2003/03/08
Huangcaoling Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>云南元阳新街镇黄草岭村<br/>2003/03/08
Huangcaoling Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳新街镇黄草岭村
2003/03/08
The Hani are genius in ecology. They choose to live below the forest they revere, which provides a source of clean water, firewood and construction materials. Below their villages of mushroom houses (due to the shape of the thatch roofs) are thousand of acres of terrace fields which guarantee the subsistence of food. Huangcaoling Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>云南元阳新街镇黄草岭村<br/>2003/03/08
Huangcaoling Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳新街镇黄草岭村
2003/03/08
Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>云南元阳新街镇箐口村 2008/04/17
Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳新街镇箐口村 2008/04/17
23°7'7.4"N, 102°44'49.8"E
Huangcaoling Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>云南元阳新街镇黄草岭村<br/>2003/03/08
Huangcaoling Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
云南元阳新街镇黄草岭村
2003/03/08
Such arrangement makes it possible for the Hani to direct human and livestock wastes down to the fields, especially during the monsoon season, rain water washes down all organic wastes, providing a timely fertilizer for the rice crops.

Announcing the Beginning of Ceremony, Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan.<br/>云南元阳新街镇箐口村祭祖<br/>2003/03/09
Announcing the Beginning of Ceremony, Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan.
云南元阳新街镇箐口村祭祖
2003/03/09
Feast in Front of Ancestors' Graves, Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan.<br/>云南元阳新街镇箐口村祭祖<br/>2003/03/09
Feast in Front of Ancestors' Graves, Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan.
云南元阳新街镇箐口村祭祖
2003/03/09
Bringing Food to Ancestors' Graves, Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan.<br/>云南元阳新街镇箐口村祭祖<br/>2003/03/09
Bringing Food to Ancestors' Graves, Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan.
云南元阳新街镇箐口村祭祖
2003/03/09
Thus, it is not surprising that the Hani revere forest, revere heaven, revere mother nature, and revere their own ancestors, because each of these elements is indispensable to their very existence. They have created Gods, as well as worshipping ceremonies and celebration events. In Qingkou village not far from Yuanyang’s old town, Long Stree Feast, Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan. 云南元阳新街镇箐口村长街宴<br/>2003/03/09
Long Stree Feast, Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan. 云南元阳新街镇箐口村长街宴
2003/03/09
Long Stree Feast, Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan. 云南元阳新街镇箐口村长街宴<br/>2003/03/09
Long Stree Feast, Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan. 云南元阳新街镇箐口村长街宴
2003/03/09
I have had a rare opportunity to participating in one of these ceremonies for the God of forest and Hani ancestors. As the beating gong announcing the commencement of the event, each family came out and carried a small cane table with ten small plates of food. They then formed a procession to a nearby forest, where their ancestors laid rest, and a holy tree was grown. After a long fierce blast of firecrackers and wine sprinkling on the ground, the forks started to sit on the ground, enjoying the food they brought. Back to the village, hundreds of small tables chained up along the narrow alley. This is the famous long-street feast.

More than a thousand years have passed. The terrace fields in southern Ailao mountains remain as an extremely effective eco-system supporting lifelines for nearly a million Hani and other ethnic groups. In this sense, they are a unique human heritage that stands out from the rest. It is not merely a natural landscape, neither is it a man-made landmark that serves no economic purpose. They are ultimately a symbol of how human beings are capable of engineering nature without losing the harmonious relationship with it.

Ethnic Hani, Sheng Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>哈尼婆孙,云南元阳新街镇胜村 2008/04/17
Ethnic Hani, Sheng Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
哈尼婆孙,云南元阳新街镇胜村 2008/04/17
23°7'32.5"N, 102°47'31.2"E
Ethnic Hani,Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>哈尼老人,云南元阳新街镇箐口村<br/>2003/03/09
Ethnic Hani,Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
哈尼老人,云南元阳新街镇箐口村
2003/03/09
Ethnic Hani,Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>哈尼儿童,云南元阳新街镇箐口村<br/>2003/03/09
Ethnic Hani,Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
哈尼儿童,云南元阳新街镇箐口村
2003/03/09
Ethnic Hani,Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>哈尼儿童,云南元阳新街镇箐口村<br/>2003/03/09
Ethnic Hani,Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
哈尼儿童,云南元阳新街镇箐口村
2003/03/09
Ethnic Hani,Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>哈尼儿童,云南元阳新街镇箐口村<br/>2003/03/09
Ethnic Hani,Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
哈尼儿童,云南元阳新街镇箐口村
2003/03/09
Ethnic Yi, Sheng Village Market, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>彝族妇女,云南元阳新街镇胜村集市 2008/04/17
Ethnic Yi, Sheng Village Market, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
彝族妇女,云南元阳新街镇胜村集市 2008/04/17
23°7'28.8"N, 102°47'34.5"E
Ethnic Yi, Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>彝族儿童,云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴<br/>2003/03/08
Ethnic Yi, Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
彝族儿童,云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴
2003/03/08
Ethnic Hani, Sheng Village Market, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>哈尼族妇女,云南元阳新街镇胜村集市 2008/04/17
Ethnic Hani, Sheng Village Market, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
哈尼族妇女,云南元阳新街镇胜村集市 2008/04/17
23°7'30.3"N, 102°47'34.2"E
Ethnic Hani, Sheng Village Market, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>哈尼族妇女,云南元阳新街镇胜村集市<br/>2008/03/08
Ethnic Hani, Sheng Village Market, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
哈尼族妇女,云南元阳新街镇胜村集市
2008/03/08
Ethnic Hani, Duoyishu Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>哈尼族妇女,云南元阳新街镇多依树村 2008/04/17
Ethnic Hani, Duoyishu Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
哈尼族妇女,云南元阳新街镇多依树村 2008/04/17
23°5'30.9"N, 102°47'41.6"E
Hani Farmers,Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan.  哈尼农民,云南元阳新街镇箐口村<br/>2003/03/09
Hani Farmers,Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan. 哈尼农民,云南元阳新街镇箐口村
2003/03/09
Huangcaoling Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan. 云南元阳新街镇黄草岭村 2008/04/17
Huangcaoling Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan. 云南元阳新街镇黄草岭村 2008/04/17
23°7'28.8"N, 102°46'32"E
Ethnic Hani,Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan.  哈尼老人,云南元阳新街镇箐口村<br/>2003/03/09
Ethnic Hani,Qingkou Village, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan. 哈尼老人,云南元阳新街镇箐口村
2003/03/09
Ethnic Yi, Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan.  彝族妇女,云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴 2008/04/17
Ethnic Yi, Laohuzui, Mengpin, Panzhihua Commune, Yuanyang County, Yunnan. 彝族妇女,云南元阳攀枝花乡勐品老虎嘴 2008/04/17
23°4'31.2"N, 102°44'34.6"E
Ethnic Yi, Sheng Village Market, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan<br/>彝族妇女,云南元阳新街镇胜村集市<br/>2003/03/08
Ethnic Yi, Sheng Village Market, Xinjie Township, Yuanyang County, Yunnan
彝族妇女,云南元阳新街镇胜村集市
2003/03/08



Last Update: October 16 2010 17:29:30 -0500